What’s Brazil?

Name: Federative Republic of Brazil

Capital: Brasília

President: Dilma Rousseff

Population: about 197 millions

Area: 8,514,877 km2

Brazil was discovered by Portugal in April 22nd, 1500. Its territory was ‘disputed’ by Portugal and Spain (who controlled the rest of South America) until the end of 18th century. In 1815, the country was elevated from colony to “United Kingdom with Portugal and Algarves”. The portuguese government, five years later, tried to return Brazil to its first level, colony, but the brazilians refused to, and Prince Pedro declared independence from Portugal in September 7th, 1822. It became a republic in November 15th, 1889.

Brazil suffered a military dictatorship from 1964 to 1985 where a lot of artists, thinkers, musicians and civilians had been pursued.

It is a federative republic constituted by 26 states and 1 federal district (Brasília). It is the biggest country of South America and the fifth biggest in the world. Main cities: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Brasília, Fortaleza and Belo Horizonte.

Brazil shares borders with every coutry in South America, except for Equator and Chile. It has one of the biggest hidrographic systems in the world.

It has a wide range of weather conditions, but most of the country is Tropical. The highest temperature ever recorded was approximately 45°C.

The government is a democratic republic, with a presidential system. Each president stands for 4 years with the possibility of reelection. There are 15 politic parties in National Congress.

It is the 6th biggest economy in the world, by the International Monetary Fund, after USA, China, Japan, Germany and France. Currency: Brazilian Real – R$ (BRL).

“Order and Progress”

Brazilian flag

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